The interest rate differential (ird) is one type of prepayment charge you may be required to pay to your lender when you pay all or part of the mortgage before the term ends. For most fixed-rate closed mortgages, the prepayment charge is usually 3 months’ interest or the IRD, whichever is greater.

Prepayment Penalty. By Investopedia Staff. A prepayment penalty is a clause in a mortgage contract stating that a penalty will be assessed if the mortgage is paid down or paid off within a certain time period. The penalty is based on a percentage of the remaining mortgage balance or a certain number of months’ worth of interest.

 · A prepayment penalty is a fee that some lenders charge if you pay off all or part of your mortgage early. If you have a prepayment penalty, you would have agreed to this when you closed on your home. Not all mortgages have a prepayment penalty.

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Prepayment charges are connected to mortgages where the interest term is ‘closed’. The closed term allows for prepayments up to 10% of the original mortgage balance. The prepayment restriction permits you to receive a lower rate than you would normally be able to receive if the term was ‘open’.

The best way to avoid prepayment fees, of course, is to choose a personal loan or mortgage without prepayment penalties. If you’re stuck with a prepayment penalty on your loan, however, all is not lost. There are ways to avoid paying loan prepayment penalties. Here’s what you need to know in order to avoid prepayment penalty fees.

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What is a mortgage prepayment penalty? A prepayment penalty is an agreement between the borrower and lender that informs how much and when the borrower can pay off the loan. The penalty is based on a percentage of the remaining mortgage balance or a certain number of months’ worth of interest.

 · The "hard payment penalty" penalizes the borrower whether they refinance or sell their home. This really limits the borrower if they end up needing to sell their home quickly. Typically, the prepayment penalty is equal to 80% of six months’ interest.